In the sun, UV rays are extremely harmful to the skin not only for adults but also for children. The use of sunscreen will help children avoid the harmful factors for the skin.
When should children use sunscreen?
Dermatologists recommend babies from 1 to 3 years of age because the stratum corneum of the skin is very thin and less melanin than adults, so it is not able to resist UV radiation.
Besides, the ratio of the baby’s body surface area is greater than the body mass so the sensitivity and ability to absorb sunlight through the baby’s skin is also much higher than adults.
So, if your baby is frequently exposed to the sun in the first few years of life. It will lead to an increase in skin pigmentation and many other genetic mutations. Especially in summer weather, this is the time when children are susceptible to sunburn despite being fully clothed or the necessary protective equipment when going out.
Dermatologists recommend that parents protect their children from sun exposure during the afternoon and summer sun. If going out, parents should let children wear loose, thick clothes and other protective equipment. For children 1 year and older, mothers should apply sunscreen with SPF ≥15 on the face and back of the baby’s hands.
Therefore, when children are 1 year of age or
Know the brands of sunscreen products
If you only look at the ingredients in sunscreen, parents really won’t see much difference in sunscreen for children compared to those for adults. In essence, the SPF value on each box of sunscreen is something we need the most attention, regardless of whether it is for adults or children.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, when exposed to the sun, the skin will be affected by ultraviolet rays and potentially harmful to the skin within 15 minutes. The impact of this damage can cause premature, heavier wrinkles that can cause skin cancer.
This harmful agent is caused by two types of UV rays: UVA and UVB. They have different wavelengths so the level of penetration into the skin is also different.
The American Academy of Dermatology describes UVB rays as “sunburns” and UVA rays are “aging rays” because they tend to cause sunburn, wrinkles, and age spots, respectively.
Sunscreen will provide a “shield” for these UV rays. The higher the sun protection factor or SPF, the more this radiation is protected. It is important to note that SPF only protects the skin from UVB rays, not UVA. To protect the skin against both, parents need to make sure they are choosing a “broad spectrum” sunscreen.
Experts say the difference between SPF numbers is quite small after a certain time, for example, a sunscreen with SPF 15 can block 93% of UVB rays, compared to 97% for SPF 30.
Sunscreen products can also be “water-resistant,” which means the SPF on the label stays true even if you soak for 40 minutes underwater. For a water-resistant sunscreen, that period can be up to 80 minutes, assuming there is no dry wipe
Notes when parents use sunscreen for children
- For children under 6 months old, parents need to consult a doctor before using sunscreen for children. Do not arbitrarily buy and use improperly will harm the baby’s skin.
- When applying sunscreen to babies, mothers must be very careful because baby skin is very fragile and easily irritated. Wear sunscreen comfortably, ensuring it is applied throughout the body. They include the back of the knees, hands, feet, ears, face, and nose, and never allow the cream to get into the baby’s eyes.
- Dermatologists recommend sunscreens that are suitable for children 1 year of age and older with creams containing inorganic filters like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. Because these ingredients do not penetrate the first two layers of the horny layer. They are less irritating but still provide effective anti-UVA and UVB protection.
- Not let children use creams that contain ingredients made from oxybenzone or retinyl palmitate. Parents can use creams with SPF index ≥15 on the outside with the words “broad-spectrum” (broad-spectrum) ) This helps prevent many types of harmful rays and should not use scented cream lines to avoid irritating your baby’s skin.
In addition to preventing skin cancer for children, in the first years of life, parents should protect their child’s delicate skin very carefully, avoiding excessive exposure to the sun’s rays. On hot days, parents should not let the baby bathe and soak in the tub for too long.
How to use sunscreen is safe for children
First of all, parents should pay attention to choosing sunscreens with a safety index and suitable for children. For example, when going fast in the sun, mothers can apply sunscreen with SPF 30 or less for babies. When swimming or bathing on the beach, children need to use a sunscreen with a larger index, SPF 40 or SPF 50 and have more water resistance to prevent the sunscreen from drifting.
Besides, parents need to note that they need to apply sunscreen about 30 minutes before going outside. Applying sunscreen while you’re out in the sun won’t do much and your skin will still be affected by the sun.
When applying sunscreen, pay attention to apply enough amount to promote the full effect in the sun, depending on the skin that can be applied more or less. But it takes at least 2 teaspoons to cover the baby’s skin
Sunscreens not only come in the form of a topical spray, but they are also available in spray form. They are similar to topicals, making sure to spray an adequate amount over your baby’s skin. When using sunscreen for children, whether applied or sprayed. Parents should pay attention not to apply or spray directly on the skin but apply to the palms first then rub evenly and apply gently across the baby’s skin. If you use a spray sunscreen, you can spray it on your body directly. However on the face, parents should spray on their hands first and then apply it on their skin.
With sunscreen for children, applying sunscreen every 2 hours will ensure more safety and promote the effect of sun protection for children. Especially when exposed to water, children need to reapply sunscreen after 2 hours to prevent skin from sunburn or redness.