White Patches on Baby Skin

White Patches on Baby Skin

In fact, many white skin spots have been recorded in many cases. Understanding the causes and how to overcome this situation will help mothers avoid unwanted consequences for children.

Why do babies’ skin get white spots?

Babies who have very sensitive skin, skin structure as well as protective barrier have not yet reached the level of maturity as adults. It is for this reason that for children, skin problems also become common with quite complicated developments.

One of the skin problems that needs proper attention is white spots on young skin. These white spots are not the same size and density for each object and are a manifestation of some skin diseases. So, what are the reasons for babies to have white spots on the skin?

The cause of this condition is vitiligo. For each disease there will be different levels of danger, while vitiligo can be treated quickly, vitiligo takes a lot more time.


Tinea versicolor is a skin problem that can occur at any age, when the skin is infected with the fungus pityrosporum ovale. This is considered a pure skin disease, does not affect the health of the patient.

Symptoms and causes

The disease is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • On skin, there are lighter (or darker) skin spots than the surrounding skin. The most common color of tinea versicolor is white, but sometimes it is pink, red or brown.
  • The location of these abnormal pigment spots can be anywhere on the body, most commonly on the face, neck, chest, arms and back.
  • In more severe cases, the vitiligo spots will dry out, become white and itchy.
  • Over time, small white spots will merge together into white patches and tend to spread relatively quickly.
  • The climate that is favorable for the growth of vitiligo is in the summer and decreases when the temperature drops in the winter.

Besides the main cause (pityrosporum ovale), the disease is caused by weather, sweat, oil on the skin, weakened immune system and hormonal changes.


To determine if the white spots on the baby’s skin are a sign of vitiligo, the doctor will use ultraviolet light to check. To be more accurate, your baby will have a skin sample so that doctors can observe the existence of yeast.


Vitiligo is a term for discolored skin in patches, usually on the back of the hands, on the face and underarms. The disease is curable but the risk of recurrence is relatively high. Unlike the vitiligo spots, the skin of vitiligo has a distinct white color on the skin.

Symptoms and causes

Sometimes, vitiligo is associated with a number of other diseases and especially thyroid diseases. The most common signs of the disease include:

  • Certain areas of skin (usually on the opposite sides of the body) gradually lose their color, quickly becoming almost white.
  • When exposed to areas of vitiligo skin does not cause any abnormal sensation, no pain or itching.
  • Vitiligo occurs on the skin in a variety of shapes and sizes and is usually triggered by white spots.
  • In more severe cases, vitiligo may cause a child’s black / brown pigmentation and hair loss.

People with vitiligo may experience some other special symptoms not mentioned above, depending on the location.

The disease appears at any age but the main object of the disease is people under 20 years old. There are many factors that cause diseases such as genetic factors, autoimmune diseases such as autoimmune thyroiditis, etc.


As well as tinea versicolor, in order to be able to diagnose a baby with vitiligo, doctors will apply a biopsy technique – take a small sample of the baby’s skin to examine under a microscope. Along with that are the methods of special examination of dermatology.

What should I do when a newborn’s skin has a white spot?

In general, vitiligo and vitiligo in newborns are not uncommon. In terms of level of influence, vitiligo will affect more on the child’s appearance, because the disease has a high risk of recurrence. Here’s what moms need to do when they see white spots on their babies’ skin.

Take the child to see a doctor

Whether it is tinea versicolor or vitiligo, your baby needs to be diagnosed and treated by a doctor. You should not consider and buy medicine for your baby, because if you do not use the right medicine, it can cause skin to become drug-resistant later.

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For tinea versicolor, the disease has many drug names capable of special treatment, so you can be assured. When visiting a reputable hospital, doctors will often give you some tips as follows:

  • Use some topical medications like shampoos and soaps. The composition of the above drugs will usually be Seleniun sulfide, Ketoconazole, Zinc Pyrithione.
  • Use detergent periodically 1-2 / time / month.
  • Some antifungal medications used for a short time such as Itraconazole, Ketoconazole, Selenium sulfide, Miconazle, Terbinafine etc. … These drugs may cause side effects, so you need to follow the dosage prescribed by your doctor.


There is no cure for vitiligo, but doctors will have a way to slow down the process and restore pigmentation. You need to quickly take your child to see a specialist for treatment instructions, specifically as follows:

  • Apply sunscreen (specifically for children, or can use for sensitive skin) with an SPF of more than 15. This method is only applied to children over 3 months of age, for younger children, good mothers especially do not let the child out in the road between 10am and 3pm, if you have to cover carefully.
  • Applying steroids can reduce the spread of vitiligo, but the ingredients can irritate your skin, so you should only apply a little each day as directed by your doctor. Absolutely do not apply steroids to the skin of the groin and eyelids.
  • The most common, effective method is PUVA light therapy, including Psoralen and then ultraviolet irradiation. However, this method does not apply to babies and young children because it is dangerous.

Thus, unlike other subjects, infants need to receive the safest treatment for vitiligo and vitiligo.

Skin care for children

In addition to applying medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor, you need to know how to take care of your baby’s skin at home to be able to support treatment more effectively.

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If the disease is not serious, you can combine treatment for children at home by the following skin care methods:

  • For children wearing clothes that do not hug on them, need to be spacious and airy so that children can freely exercise without fear of rubbing the skin on the area being applied for treatment of tinea versicolor.
  • Protect young skin from sun exposure. If you are concerned that your child is not getting enough vitamin D, you can expose your baby to the sun between 6:30 am and 7:30 am and cover the tinea.
  • Every day wipe 1-2 times to keep your baby’s skin clean, and not sweating causes tinea versicolor.

The most important thing is not to let children share towels with other people because they may get some other bacteria and fungi from that person.


Because it is a skin-related disease, the ability of vitiligo to fully recover is not appreciated by doctors. However, mothers can limit the progression of the disease with the following reference:

  • Moisturize your baby’s skin with products specifically designed for babies.
  • Avoid exposing your skin to sunlight by wearing a hat and long-sleeved clothing if you are outdoors during the day.
  • Use mild shampoos and lotions (best recommended by your doctor) for your child.
  • Treatment for vitiligo may cause side effects, so contact your doctor as soon as possible when your child shows any abnormal symptoms.

Vitiligo has a great influence on appearance and it is difficult to be definitively treated with pigment recovery. So make sure your newborn receives treatment and follow-up care from doctors.

The above is a reference information about the issue of newborn skin with white spots. To know exactly, mothers need to contact the doctor because we does not give advice or medical treatments.